The Accounting and Review Services Committee (ARSC) issued SSARS 22 Compilation of Pro Forma Financial Information. You may remember that ARSC did not address pro forma information in SSARS 21. SSARS 22 clarifies AR 120 Compilation of Pro Forma Information and codifies it as AR-C 120.
Pro Forma Information
So what is pro forma information? It is a presentation that shows what the significant effects on historical financial information might have been had a consummated or proposed transaction (or event) occurred at an earlier date.
To understand SSARS 22, let’s answer a few questions.
Examples of Pro Forma Information
Examples of pro forma information include presenting financial statements for the following:
- Business combinations
- The selling of a significant part of a business
- A change in the capitalization of an entity
Again we are providing financial information as though the transaction or event has–already–occurred.
In pro forma financial information, what should be disclosed?
- A description of the transaction (or event) that is reflected in the presentation
- The date on which the transaction (or event) is assumed to occur
- The financial reporting framework
- The source of the financial information
- The significant assumptions used
- Any significant uncertainties about those assumptions
- A statement that the pro forma information should be read in conjunction with the related historical information and that the pro forma information is not necessarily indicative of the results that would have been attained had the transaction (or event) actually taken place
Must the accountant consider his or her independence? Yes, since this is a compilation engagement. (Note: The preparation of the pro forma information is considered a nonattest service.)
Acceptance and Continuance
Should the accountant perform acceptance and continuance procedures? Yes.
Is an engagement letter required? Yes, and it must be signed by the accountant’s firm and management or those charged with governance.
What compilation procedures should be performed?
- Read the pro forma financial information to determine if it is appropriate in form and free from obvious material misstatement
- Obtain an understanding of the underlying transaction or event (that the pro forma information is based upon)
- Determine that management includes:
- Complete financial statements for the most recent year (or from the preceding year if financial statements for the most recent year are not yet available) or make such financial statements readily available (e.g., post on a public website)
- If pro forma financial information is presented for an interim period, either historical interim financial information for that period (which may be in condensed form) or make such interim information readily available
- For business combinations, the relevant financial information for the significant parts of the combined entity
- Determine that the information in the preceding bullet has been subjected to a compilation, review or an audit
- Determine that the compilation, review or audit report on the historical information is included in any document containing the pro forma financial information (or made readily available such as on a public website)
- Determine whether the significant assumptions and uncertainties are disclosed
- Determine whether the source of the historical financial information on which the pro forma information is based is appropriately identified
Pro Forma in Conjunction with Other Services
Can the pro forma engagement be performed in conjunction with a compilation, review or an audit? Yes. Alternatively, the pro forma engagement can be performed separately.
What documentation is to be retained in the file?
- Engagement letter
- The results of procedures performed
- Copy of the pro forma financial information
- Copy of the accountant’s compilation report
Compilation Report Required
Is a compilation report to be issued? Yes. (See sample report below.)
Is the accountant offering any assurance regarding the pro forma information? No.
Can the pro forma compilation report be added to the accountant’s report on historical financial statements? Yes. Alternatively, the pro forma compilation report can be presented separately.
Effective Date of SSARS 22
What’s the effective date of SSARS 22? The standard is effective for compilation reports on pro forma financial information dated on or after May 1, 2017.
Potential New Service for Your Clients
If you are not already providing pro forma information to clients, consider suggesting this service when appropriate. Clients may find pro forma information helpful in evaluating the potential sale of stock, the borrowing of funds for a project, or the sale of a part of the business.
Sample SSARS 22 Compilation Report
Exhibit B of SSARS 22 provides the following sample compilation report on pro forma financial information:
Management is responsible for the accompanying pro forma condensed balance sheet of XYZ Company as of December 31, 20X1, and the related pro forma condensed statement of income for the year then ended (pro forma financial information), based on the criteria in Note 1. The historical condensed financial statements are derived from the financial statements of XYZ Company, on which I (we) performed a compilation engagement, and of ABC Company, on which other accountants performed a compilation engagement. The pro forma adjustments are based on management’s assumptions described in Note 1. (We) have performed a compilation engagement in accordance with Statements on Standards for Accounting and Review Services promulgated by the Accounting and Review Services Committee of the AICPA. I (we) did not examine or review the pro forma financial information nor was (were) I (we) required to perform any procedures to verify the accuracy or completeness of the information provided by management. Accordingly, I (we) do not express an opinion, a conclusion, nor provide any form of assurance on the pro forma financial information.
The objective of this pro forma financial information is to show what the significant effects on the historical financial information might have been had the underlying transaction (or event) occurred at an earlier date. However, the pro forma condensed financial statements are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations or related effects on financial position that would have been attained had the above mentioned transaction (or event) actually occurred at such earlier date.
[Additional paragraph(s) may be added to emphasize certain matters relating to the compilation engagement or the subject matter.]
[Signature of accounting firm or accountant, as appropriate] [Accountant’s city and state]
[Date of the accountant’s report]